Scientific Name: Cocos nucifera
As a tropical country, Indonesia is a fertile land for coconut palms. The low lands of its coastal areas from Sumatra in the west and Papua in the east are lined with the swaying slim tall plants. However, the potential has not attracted enough big investors to produce major export commodity from coconut palms like crude palm oil, coffee and cocoa.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word. The term is derived from the 16th-century Portuguese and Spanish word coco meaning “head” or “skull”, from the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features.
Almost parts of coconut palms have commercial value – its trees, fruit meat, fibrous husk, the shells and the coconut milk.
Among the products from coconut fruits having high commercial value are Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO), activated carbon (AC), coconut fiber (CF), coconut charcoal (CCL), and oleo-chemicals in the form of fatty acid, metal ester, fatty alcohol, fatty amine, fatty nitrogen, glycerin, etc. Coconut trees are used as raw material for furniture.
Derivatives of coconut shells having commercial value are AC, CCL, shell flour (CP). Activated carbon could be used in oil and gas industry, water distillation, pulp processing, fertilizer industry and gold mine.
The fibrous husk could be used as material for furniture, like luxurious car seats, spring beds and geo-textile (GT).